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What is climate change?

       Climate change: a change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuel, according to Lexico

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The causes of climate change

    Climate change is a major part of earths history. It has caused the earth to freeze and to melt. This has also been known to cause species extinction and that is starting to look like the future of our planet. Our planet means everything on it from plants to humans. You may be wondering how it got to this point, and I'm going to explain that to you. 

    Since the 1950s climate change has been rising at abnormal rates. For comparison, the earth in the past 800 years, has never reached more than 300 parts per million(PPM). In the 1950s it surpassed that number, and today it has passed it by over 100. It is now at over 410 PPM.

      At the peak of the industrial revolution, scientists started to notice that the amount of fumes being released from the immense amount of factories was not healthy. In 1988 the IPCC(Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) stated on page one of the "Climate change: The IPCC official assessment", "Since the industrial revolution the atmospheric concentrations of several greenhouse gases, i e , carbon dioxide (CO2) methane (CH4), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), nitrous oxide (N2O), and tropospheric ozone (O3), have been increasing primarily due to human activities. Several of these greenhouse gases have long atmospheric lifetimes, decades to centuries, which means that their atmospheric concentrations respond slowly to changes in emission rates In addition there is evidence that the concentrations of tropospheric aerosols have increased at least regionally". In a nutshell, human induced climate change started with the industrial revolution. The industrial revolution led to the abnormal release of greenhouse gases which trap heat, becoming the main cause of climate change.

One of the biggest causes however, is not one of the most known. That would be agriculture. It accounts for more than 50% of all climate related events. This is because of the immense amounts of land required. That leads to deforestation, which leads to habitat loss and species extinction. Agriculture is also one of the leading polluters in the world. This isn't because of plastic or trash, but because of animal waste from livestock. Two thirds of all polluted water is because of livestock.

       There is a saying that for every burger or egg or any form of livestock you waste or throw away, you're throwing away X amount of water with it. That is because the animal that was required for that needed water. The plants fed for the animal to consume also required water. For each kg of beef, it is estimated that it required between 15,000-20,000 liters of water. This could mean different things based on the person. Either don't waste animal products, or don't eat or use them. For different ways on how to help fight against climate change, click-- Here --

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The effects of climate change

        Climate change, as you now know, is a very real, and very current issue. But just because it's an issue doesn't mean you should  care though right? That is far from the truth as it gets. Climate change is making headlines across the globe and it is not for good reasons. Hundreds of millions of people from around the world are suffering from the effects of climate change. These effects include sea level rise, drought, extreme weather, and mass species extinction. The chart below shows us eight of the major impacts of climate change. Added up, the total count of people effected directly reaches nearly one billion. That is nearly one seventh of our planets global population. There are many more symptoms of climate change that are not shown in this chart but these are some of the leading effects. 

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